It is a general term used for a computer-assisted surgery, where a surgeon uses tracked surgical instruments with preoperative and intraoperative images to indirectly guide the procedure.
The cyberknife surgery achieves a high level of accuracy in a non-invasive manner. It can pinpoint a tumor’s exact location in real time using X ray images. It delivers radiation to the tumor after the position of the patient is fixed.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound uses therapeutic ultrasonic/acoustic waves as hyperthermia therapy. It is minimally invasive and can be used to treat cysts, tumors lithotripsy, phacoemulsification of cataract, uterine fibroids etc.
It is a type of radiation therapy used to treat tumors and other abnormalities. It focuses around 200 tiny beams of radiation on the affected target site. The precision of Gamma knife results in minimal damage to the surrounding healthy tissues.
It involves transplantation of multipotent bone marrow cells derived from bone marrow, peripheral blood or umbilical cord blood. It can be obtained either from the patient or from a donor. It is mainly performed in patients with life-threatening blood cancers, diseases with bone marrow failure and other immune or genetic diseases.
The surgeons are able to perform brain surgery on tumors and epileptic lesions. This can primarily be performed on awakepatients by pinpointing the actual affected site by use of multiple pre treatment MRI images. This does not require surgery and requires no radiation or skin flaps.
This form of treatment involving the patient being stationary and the treatment device rotates around the patient. This rotating device then delivers the required radiation dose to the desired site, which is pre, planned by the use of series of CT scan images.
It is a computer-assisted surgery that aids in surgical procedures. It has been developed to overcome the limitations of minimally invasive surgery. It uses a remote telemanipulator by the surgeon for movements of the robotic arms. The main aim of this kind of surgery is to replace the traditional tools and reduce or eliminate the tissue trauma associated with it.
The main aim in this treatment is to ablate or destroy the dysfunctional tissues, nerves and veins. The tissue is destroyed using the heat generated from high frequency current. They are performed under image guidance such as X ray, CT scan or ultrasound. It is commonly used to treat tumors, cardiac arrhythmia, varicose veins, obstructive sleep apnea, pain management and other clinical uses as non-invasive techniques.
Linear accelerator is used commonly to deliver radiation therapy. These acceleratorscollide and accelerate electrons nearly to the speed of light as they attain velocity in short distance. After they reach maximum speed they hit a metal target and release photons or X-rays. These beams are then targeted to the defective or cancerous tissue to destroy the malignant cells.
It is a procedure in which an interventional radiologist uses a catheter to deliver small particles to block the blood supply to the uterine fibroid. This is mainly done for treatment of fibroids and adenomyosis to relieve the symptoms of abnormal bleeding and menorrhagia. It is now a commonly followed minimally invasive procedure and reduces the need of surgical intervention.
It is also as MICS CABG performed on the heart instead of the traditional open-heart surgery. It is a beating heart multi vessel procedure performed under direct vision of the surgery area. The procedure is performed through a small incision of 5-7 cm through the Intercostal space. The patients can undergo treatments such as bypass, valve repairs, valve replacement, defect repairs, revascularization etc.
It includes a variety of procedures that are performed on people who are overweight or obese. Weight loss is achieved by different procedures aimed at reducing the size of the stomach. The surgeries performed may be a) use of adjustable gastric band b) resecting and re-routing the small intestines to a small pouch (gastric bypass surgery) c) removal of portion of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy).
It is the inability of a person to reproduce by natural means. There are many medical causes of infertility out of which some may require and can treated using medical intervention. The reason can either be from the man (40%), woman (40%) or both (20%). It can be due to various causes such as genetic factors, metabolic causes, general disease conditions, environmental conditions etc. Some of the treatments of infertility include either assisted natural conception or medical treatments. If conservative medical treatment fails it may have to be treated as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). This is commonly practiced in India with a large number of satisfied patients.
It is a surgical technique that moves individual hair follicles from a part of the body called donor site to the bald or balding part of the body known as recipient site. The modern technique of hair transplantation can achieve a natural appearance by mimicking natural hair. It is performed with mild sedation and injected anesthesia.
It primarily involves moving of one organ from the donor to the recipient. The donor may be either self (auto grafts) or relatives/ friends (allografts) or from other species (xenografts). The organs, tissues, fluids and cells that are commonly transplanted are kidney, liver, pancreas, intestine, stomach, testis, hand, cornea, skin, pancreas cells, bone marrow, blood vessels, heart valve, bone etc. The process follows a strict control of infection and graft acceptance regimen that has been carefully developed considering previous experiences/ research and latest technological development.