Hernia Repairs using Laparoscopic Techniques
Hernias are protrusion of an organ or the fascia of an organ through a defect in the wall of the cavity that contains it. These can be of different types such inguinal, femoral, umbilical, incisional, diaphragmatic etc. These can often get infected, obstructed and may lead to necrosis, therefore the defect has to be repaired. The surgery of choice today is laparoscopic repair with mesh, which closes the defect and enhances fibre building at the site of defect.
Hemorrhoidectomy by Use of Stapler
Hemorrhoids/piles are masses or skin teguments that bulge out of the anal region. As they are enlarged and contain blood vessels they are more prone to bleeding after defecation. They are often treated with surgery with an aim to excise or remove the hemorrhoids. Surgeries performed are often chosen as per the site of hemorrhoids that may be either external or internal.
Fistula Repair by Use of a Natural Biomaterial as a Plug in the Fistula
A fistula is a sinus/abnormal connection between two different organs, vessels, intestines and or skin. They are commonly caused by injuries or surgeries but can also result from infection or inflammation or of congenital origin. They can be present in multiple sites of the body such as eye, circulatory or blood system, respiratory system, digestive system, musculoskeletal system, urogenital system etc. The surgery performed is referred to as fistulotomy, which is aimed at closing the communication to avoid infection and further growth.
Varicose Veins Treatment
Varicose Veins treatment through a keyhole using radiofrequency energy to treat the affected vein. The newer techniques involve placing a plug made of acellular material endoscopically.
Cholecystectomy by Minimally Invasive Technique
The gallbladder is a small organ, which plays an important role in storing enzymes required for digestion. However in some cases this can be impacted with stones or can get infectedwhich may require surgical removal and treatment. The procedure can be either done laparoscopically or open. The laparoscopic technique is known as keyhole surgery, which is a minimally invasive technique. There are a lot of benefits of the techniques such as faster and lesser recovery time, better prognosis, fewer post surgery complications etc. Also depending upon individual patients condition a treatment plan can be decided as if it is left untreated it may lead movement of the stone and obstructing different other organs in the biliary tract such as cystic duct, common bile duct, pancreatic duct or the ampulla of vater.
Appendectomy is Performed using Laparoscopic Technique
Appendix is a pouch like blind-ended tube connected to the cecum developed embryologically. It’s function is normally unclear but has shown to get infected or impacted with stones, which can present acutely or chronically. In most cases appendectomy is the treatment of choice as it has a tendency to re infect. The surgery is done with aim to remove infected or obstructed appendix which can be either performed with a minimally invasive technique (endoscopy) or open.
Ulcerative Colitis or Crohn’s Disease
These are inflammatory bowel diseases of the colon, which characterizes as ulcers or open sores in the large intestine. The surgery performed is as per the condition of the patient and may involve one of the below mentioned procedures:
- Proctocolectomy: Removal of colon and rectum
- Colectomy: Removal of colon
- Ileotomy: Removal of lower portion of small intestine.
- Ileostomy: A surgically created hole in the abdomen for elimination of waste.
If not treated it may progress to formation of polyps, pre cancerous dysplasia, colorectal cancer and other complications.
Other surgeries also performed using newer techniques & methods.